upright piano

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

upright piano

Classification: 3 Chordophones / 31 Simple chordophones or zithers / 314 Board zithers / 314.1 True board zithers / 314.1-4-8 True board zithers sounded by hammers or beaters, with keyboard

Piano maker: Apollo, Fibiger Brothers (Karol and Aleksander)

Date: ca. 1900

Village / Town: Kalisz

Country: Congress Kingdom of Poland (present-day Poland)

Owner: Museum of Industrial History, Opatówek, 1 Kościelna St. Bought in 1991 bought from Izabella Kłaczany, Warsaw

Inventory number: MHP 29/I

Description: black lacquered. Cross-, single-, double-, triple-strung, full frame casted together with hitch pin block’s armour. English repetition action with underdampers

Inscriptions: on the keyboard cover inlaid in brass: „APOLLO” / prp. K & A. Fibiger.; on the soundboard a decal in Russian and Polish: „APOLLO” / No 55. / PRACOWNIA FORTEPIANÓW / w Kaliszu. [”Apollo” / No. 55. / Piano Workshop / in Kalisz]

Measurements: height 1280, width 1520, depth 350 (680) mm

Materials: wood, metal, ivory

Keyboard compass, stops: A2-a4 – 7 octaves, two pedals – una corda and dampers and a hand stop – moderator/piano

Catalog card by: Benjamin Vogel

Bibliography: B. Vogel, Fortepian polski. Budownictwo fortepianów na ziemiach polskich od poł. XVIII w. do II wojny światowej, (Warszawa, 1995), pp. 214-17; B. Vogel, Polskie fortepiany XIX-XX w. Kolekcja Muzeum Historii Przemysłu  w Opatówku, (Opatówek, 1994); K. Rottermund, Budownictwo instrumentów muzycznych na terenie Wielkopolski w XIX i 1. połowie XX wieku, (Poznań, 2002), pp. 102-06

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