upright piano

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

upright piano

Classification: 3 Chordophones / 31 Simple chordophones or zithers / 314 Board zithers / 314.1 True board zithers / 314.1-4-8 True board zithers sounded by hammers or beaters, with keyboard

Piano maker: Erard

Date: 1864

Village / Town: Paris

Country: France

Owner: Andrzej Szwalbe Collection, Ostromecko Palace near Bydgoszcz. 1980, bought from Jan Majewski, Toruń

Inventory number: PN-VI-60-108

Description: rosewood veneered. Obliquely-, single-, double-, triple-strung, composite frame with one stress bar. English repetition action with underdampers. An elliptic soundboard.

Inscriptions: on the nameboard inlaid in brass: Erard; on the soundboard: Erard Facteur de forté Pianos et harpes d´ „d” á Paris; on the hitch pin block and action: 36875; on case’s cover inside a round brass plaque with information on word exhibitions’ medals from London 1851 and 1855; on the key lever a4 pressed: 36875; and penciled: the left side: ...einbach [Heinbach?]; the right side: Edouard Lerailly [?] le 17 Octobre 186... [1863?]

Measurements: height 1130, width 1540, depth 240 (570) mm

Materials: wood, metal, ivory

Keyboard compass, stops: A2-a4 – 7 octaves, two pedals – piano and dampers

Catalog card by: Benjamin Vogel

Bibliography: B. Vogel, Kolekcja zabytkowych fortepianów Filharmonii Pomorskiej, (Bydgoszcz, 11980, 21987), p. 98; D. Pawlak, ‘Érard’, Encyklopedia muzyczna PWM, vol. 3, ed. E. Dziębowska (Kraków, 1987);  E. M. Frederick, ‘Erard, Sébastien (et Frères)’, Encyclopedia of Keyboard Instruments, vol. 1 The Piano, ed. R. Palmieri (New York, 1994)

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